Zanzibar is an archipelago made up of Zanzibar and Pemba Islands,
and several islets. It is located in the Indian Ocean, about 25
miles from the Tanzanian coast, and 6° south of the equator.
Zanzibar Island (known locally as Unguja, but as Zanzibar internationally)
is 60 miles long and 20 miles wide, occupying a total area of approximately
650 square miles. It is characterised by beautiful sandy beaches
with fringing coral reefs, and the magic of historic Stone Town
- said to be the only functioning ancient town in East Africa.
Stone town is the old and cultural heart of Zanzibar.
It’s a town of bustling bazaars, mosques and grand extravagant
Arab houses. Most of the houses were built in the 19th century.
You will be able to see two cathedrals and numerous mosques.
Stone Town was recently and deservedly declared a world heritage
site by UNESCO.
The history of Zanzibar would be incomplete without
the spice plantations. Cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, pepper and other
spices are among the finest quality in the world. Zanzibar used
to be the world’s largest producer of cloves! These spices
were the ones that attracted the sultans of Oman and thereafter
started the infamous slave trade.
Zanzibar is reputed to have some of the best diving
in the world and the coral reefs around the island ensure that the
marine life is abundant. There are several dive centers and most
run courses using the international PADI system.
Make sure that you visit the Jozani forest where
you will see the rare red colobus monkey that is endemic to Zanzibar,
the spice tour, the prison island, the Kizimkazi mosque and the